Ethical Standards

Ethical Standards

Authors should observe ethical standards:

  • Authorship of the paper: All authors should have contributed significantly to the conception, design, execution or interpretation of the results. No one who is justified to being an author should be omitted in the authorship.

  • Originality and plagiarism. The manuscript should include entirely original work. Any material reproduced from other sources should be appropriately cited or quoted.

  • Integrity. The authors should uphold the shared goal of the research community for integrity in research – assuring honesty and truth in the reporting of the research data, and transparency in the procedures carried out.

  • Hazards and human or animal subjects. Work involving hazards and human or animal subjects, should have complied with modern ethical standards, and approved by the Institutional Review Board (IRB) or the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee (IACUC), respectively. Work involving the use of infectious or potentially infectious biological agents, materials, toxins, and GMOs should have clearance from the Institutional Biosafety Committee (IBC). A statement of compliance should be included in the manuscript “Ethical Declaration”.

  • Disclosure of interest. Authors should declare possible conflict of interest, such as personal or financial relationships that could exert undue influence in the conduct and publication of their work.

  • Research data management. An accurate record of the research data associated with the manuscript must be maintained and be accessible on reasonable request.


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