ACTA MANILANA adheres to the highest standards in publication ethics.  It is committed to uphold and maintain the integrity of scientific research.

All manuscripts submitted for possible publication are considered without bias with regards to the race, ethnic origin, citizenship, political views, religious belief, gender, sexual orientation, age and reputation of the authors.




The Editor has over-all responsibility for the quality of the  journal.  He makes final decision regarding the acceptance or rejection of the submitted manuscripts based on the recommendations of the referees.  The research integrity of the papers published in the journal is safeguarded, requiring authors to declare compliance with ethical standards in the conduct and in the writing up of the reported research work. The confidentiality of all submitted manuscripts is enforced in all phases of the review process.

Editorial Board

The Editorial Board is responsible for acknowledging receipt of and making decisions on the articles submitted to the journal.  It will subject the submission to a peer review process involving at least two referees with expertise in the field covered by the paper, ensuring fair, unbiased and transparent evaluation.  The acceptance of the submitted manuscript for publication will be decided by the editor-in-chief based on the recommendations of the reviewers. The research integrity of the published papers will be safeguarded, and reports of possible misconduct, such as plagiarism, associated with the paper will be promptly and fairly investigated.  The confidentiality of the submissions will be protected not only in the real academic and scientific sphere, but also in the virtual sphere of generative artificial intelligence. 


The Reviewers assist the Editorial Board in making decisions on the journal submissions.  They should promptly acknowledge receipt of the referred paper and ensure a fair, objective and efficient review of the paper. They should notify the Editorial Board if they feel unqualified or have conflict of interest to review the research work described by the paper.  The review of the paper should cover not only the technical and scientific soundness of the reported research work, but also potential ethical issues. The confidentiality of the paper should be respected and upheld, even in the artificial intelligence framework.


The Authors should submit a paper reporting entirely original work. Any material reproduced from other sources should be appropriately cited or quoted.  The paper should present an accurate and truthful account of the work carried out and an objective discussion of the results and observations.  The research integrity of the work should be assured, confirming compliance with the ethical standards for the treatment of human subjects and animal models.  Authors must comply with standards in clinical trial registration and presentation.  Possible conflict of interest, such as personal or financial relationships that could exert undue influence in the conduct and publication of their work, should be declared.  All authors should have contributed significantly in the conception, design, execution or interpretation of the results.  No one who is justified to being an author should be omitted in the authorship.  A declaration should be made if artificial intelligence tools were used in the preparation of the submitted paper.


No research misconduct and fraudulent authorship should be involved in the work described in the submitted paper. Research misconduct includes the mis-use of human and animal subjects, data falsification / fabrication, and plagiarism. Fraudulent authorship includes the inclusion of individuals who did not contribute to the conduct and writing-up of the work, as well as the omission of those who were involved in the work.

The Acta Manilana will not publish papers involving research misconduct. Allegations or suspicion of research misconduct in any published paper should be brought to the attention of the editors, who will take steps to investigate the case.  Papers found to involve research misconduct will be retracted.


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