online publication date: November 2023
Michael E. Serafico and Fortunato B. Sevilla III
ARTICLE DOI: https://doi.org/10.53603/actamanil.71.2023.tyew1023
Infrared spectroscopy is a standard method in analytical chemistry that transforms the vibration of atoms in a compound into images. In the mid-infrared (MIR) spectral region extending from 4,000-400 cm-1, the chemical, structural, and compositional information of a molecule, regarded as its fingerprint region, in the solid, liquid, and gas phases can be deduced. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometers are predominantly used over conventional dispersive instruments because modern computer technology allows real-time, fast Fourier transform algorithms. This study explored the utility of gas-phase Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy for the chemometric differentiation of aromatic rice. The seven cultivars Basmati, Dinorado, Jasmine, Milagrosa, NSICs Rc148, Rc342, and Rc344 were characterized by different infrared patterns. Agglomerative Hierarchical Clustering (AHC) generated clusters that define the rice’s similar characteristics. Correspondingly, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) was able to precisely classify the samples into different varieties (≈99%). The results demonstrated that chemometric analysis of FTIR spectrograms can be a reliable technique and has a high potential to discriminate aromatic rice samples based on their infrared fingerprints. The study provided a possible inexpensive and non destructive alternative that has not been explored before to assess the authenticity of rice varieties through an existing analytical platform.
© 2023 University of Santo Tomas, Acta Manilana. All rights reserved
Powered by: Communications Bureau