ACTA MANILANA publishes research and innovation in the different branches of the natural and applied sciences. It reports significant development in the discipline, and novel applications, unconfined by the traditional coverage of the disciplines.
Maria Violeta R. Tare, Pocholo Mari T. Arabit, Mark Anthony G. Fran, David Angelo V. Guanzon, Jalizah Jaira E. Lim, Sharlaine Joi Ann B. Orense, Joselito A. Tabardillo Jr., & Mary Beth B. Maningas
In 1994, the Philippines was one of the top three producers in shrimp aquaculture, reaching a peak of 91MT. However, diseases caused a rapid decline in shrimp production, down to less than 50MT in 1997, and the Philippine status in shrimp aquaculture production has dwindled to the 13th spot. Production has not yet recovered and stabilized, as these diseases still plague the industry up to this day. The strict implementation of importation laws for broodstock and better management practices helped the industry to make up for losses, and is now starting to revive. The scientific community is doing its part to hasten this process, shrimp research is of consistent interest to several research institutions providing deeper understanding regarding viral and bacterial diseases and their interactions with the host. However, the challenge remains as to how research can be translated and applied in the field, to provide the shrimp industry with science-based management strategies. This review provides a balance of both basic and applied research with the ultimate goal of reaching out to the industry through useful and beneficial knowledge together with simpler and cost-effective detection methods and alternative, effective immunostimulants.
Keywords: shrimp biotechnology, shrimp immunity, molecular detection
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